Harriet Friedmann, PhD
Pollinator of an Emerging Mode of Human Foodgetting
I am a food system analyst, writer and lecturer. I first entered this unknown realm in the 1970s by studying the world wheat market, which I intuited would be an intrinsically important way to understand world economy holistically, from settler farms to finance, migration, logistics and inter-state power. My PhD (Harvard, 1977) turned out to cross two unrelated fields --- Rural Sociology and World-Systems.* The first led to influential articles on farming systems (see publications) and a long, fruitful collaboration with Philip McMichael on a historical approach called food regimes.
I was also lucky to be connected with the early emergence of the pioneering Toronto Food Policy Council and its eventual embrace of city-regional food systems.** These connections happily converged with two emergent phenomena: the inter-disciplinary intellectual field of food studies*** which contributes to reconnecting social and natural sciences; and the social movements, social economy experiments, and policy initiatives at all scales, contributing to potential transformations in human relations to land, bodies, society, and governance.
I followed the food-farming thread from Sociology into the Centre for International Studies (now the Munk School of Global Affairs) and the Department of Geography and Planning at the University of Toronto. I am now Professor Emeritus of Sociology at the University of Toronto. Since retiring in 2012, I have been Visiting Professor of Agrarian, Food, and Environmental Studies at the International Institute of Social Studies, The Hague (Erasmus University) and Institute of Political Economy at Carleton University in Ottawa. Recent visiting research collaborations include CPDA (Federal Rural University, Rio de Janeiro), Brazil, and CIRAD, Montpellier, France. My main passions now are seed biodiversity,+ city food regions,** commons, resilience theory, and exploring with others the present possibilities for food system transformations in world-ecological context++ --- what might be called emergent modes of foodgetting.
*Chair, Political Economy of the World-System Section, American Sociological Association, 1994-95, formerly, Board of Journal of World-System Research, two of 40 “Most Influential Articles" in Journal of Peasant Studies
**Now serving a third term on the Toronto Food Policy Council, Community Chair in the 1990s; Strategic Advisory Board of the International Urban Food Network; Toronto Advisory Group, City Region Food Systems
***Lifetime Scholar Award, Canadian Association of Food Studies 2011. Present Editorial Advisory Boards: Journal of Agrarian Change, Canadian Food Studies, Food and Foodways,Rural Studies Books Series (SER), Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul and the Graduate Program in Rural Development. Past Boards: Theory and Society, Journal of World-Systems Research, Journal of Peasant Studies, Studies in Political Economy.
+Board of Directors USC-Canada, assisting small farmers to protect diverse seeds; and Toronto Seed Library; I was deepened in this path as Review Editor (2005-07) International Assessment of Agricultural Science and Technology for Development (IIASTD).